BJJ Curriculum


Let’s start with a brief overview. BJJ is a martial art and combat sport that emphasizes ground fighting and submission holds. It’s a complex, challenging, yet incredibly rewarding sport that tests your physical and mental limits.

Section 1: The Mindset

Embrace the Journey

BJJ is a long, often frustrating, but ultimately rewarding journey. It’s crucial to understand that it’s not about how fast you get your next belt, but about the knowledge, skills, and experiences you gather along the way.

Be Patient and Consistent

Patience and consistency are key. Learning BJJ is a marathon, not a sprint. It takes time to understand the techniques and their nuances, so be patient with yourself and practice consistently.

Focus on Learning, Not Winning

In BJJ, we never lose; we only win or learn. During the early days, you’ll find yourself tapping out frequently – that’s okay. Each tap is a learning experience, an opportunity to improve.

Section 2: Objectives

Your first objective as a beginner in BJJ should be to become comfortable with the uncomfortable. This means getting used to the physical closeness of grappling, dealing with pressure, and learning how to fall safely.

Next, aim to understand the basic positions, principles of leverage, and the importance of maintaining and escaping control. Finally, begin to learn and practice the fundamental techniques of BJJ.

Section 3: The Fundamentals

Now, let’s talk about what exactly you should focus on learning and in what order.

Basic Positions

Before diving into fancy submissions, get a solid grasp on the basic positions:

1. Guard: Understand both the closed guard (legs wrapped around the opponent’s waist) and the open guard (legs used to control the opponent’s arms and hips).

2. Side Control: Learn how to maintain this dominant position and how to escape from it.

3. Mount: Similarly, learn to maintain and escape from this very dominant position.

4. Back Control: Often considered the most dominant position, understand how to take the back, maintain control, and escape.

Fundamental Techniques

Once you’re comfortable with these positions, start learning these fundamental techniques:

1. Passing the Guard: This is the art of maneuvering around your opponent’s legs to achieve a dominant position.

2. Sweeps: These are techniques used from the guard position to reverse roles with your opponent, going from a bottom position to a top position.

3. Submissions: Initially focus on basic submissions like the rear-naked choke, guillotine, armbar, triangle choke, and kimura.

4. Escapes: The bridge-and-roll and elbow-knee are crucial escapes from mount you should learn early on. For side control, focus on the underhook escape.

Section 4: Tips

Finally, let me share some tips that have helped me during my journey.

Drilling and Sparring

Drill the techniques repeatedly until they become second nature. But don’t just drill—sparring is where you’ll really start to understand how everything fits together. Start slow and gradually increase intensity as you become more comfortable.

Ask Questions

Never hesitate to ask your instructor or higher

belts questions. If something doesn’t make sense, ask. If a technique isn’t working for you, ask.

Take Care of Your Body

BJJ can be tough on your body. Make sure to warm up before training, cool down afterwards, eat a balanced diet, and get plenty of sleep.

Keep a Training Journal

Documenting your training can be a great tool for reflection and improvement. Note down the techniques you learned, what worked during sparring, and what you need to work on.


So there you have it—a beginner’s curriculum for Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu. Remember, this is just a rough guide. Everyone’s journey is unique, and part of the joy of BJJ is discovering what works best for you.

Stay patient, stay consistent, and most importantly, enjoy your journey. BJJ can be tough, but it’s also an incredible, rewarding experience. See you on the mat!

Peace and love,


BJJ Prishtina

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